Beijing, November 26th-28th, 2009

 

 

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> BioCAS 2007

> BioCAS 2008

 

 

Keynote Talks

 

Keynote talk 1

 

Time:

8:30 AM -9:30 AM, Nov. 26th, 2009.

 

Speaker:

 

Prof. Nitish Thakor

 

NeuroEngineering and Biomedical Instrumentation Lab

Johns Hopkins University

Baltimore, MD, USA

 

Title: Connecting Brain to Hand: Circuits and Signals for Neuroprosthetics


Abstract:

How do our thoughts translate into action? How does brain control our hand? What are the signals that go from the brain to our hand? And, when there is no hand, as in an amputee, how would we tap into brain signals to control an artificial or prosthetic hand? These questions together constitute the outstanding challenge of building a brain machine interface. 

 

One of the most exciting brain machine interface demonstration of the past few years has been neuroprosthesis. The neuroprosthetic technology comprises an impressive convergence of 1) the neural interface circuits and devices, 2) signal processing and interpretation of neural rhythms, and 3) advanced prosthetic devices with highly actuated limb, hand and digits with multiple degrees of freedom.  This talk will present the state of the art of neuroprosthesis planning the implantable circuit technology, advanced signal processing, neural decoding, prosthesis development - all leading up to a system of brain machine interface.  Implantable circuits and systems span microelectrode arrays and front end neural interface circuits. Signal processing involves methods to decode neural spike activity from a population of neurons or cortical electric rhythms.  These circuits and signals are finally used to drive the prosthetic limb with arm, hand and fingers.  I will discuss the future challenges in building the brain machine interfaces that range from the practical challenges of developing these interfaces for humans to learning about cognitive interfaces for motor, sensory, visual and higher brain functions (and repairing any damage and impairment).

 

Speaker Bio:

Nitish V. Thakor is a Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. He currently directs the Laboratory for Neuroengineering at Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine. He has established a Laboratory for  Medical Instrumentation and Neuroengineering at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine with the aim of carrying out interdisciplinary and collaborative engineering research for basic and clinical neuroscientists.   His technical expertise is in the areas of neural diagnostic instrumentation, neural signal processing, optical and MRI imaging of the nervous system, micro and nanoprobes for neural sensing. He carries out research on hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and traumatic brain injury in basic experimental models and also directs collaborative technology development programs on  monitoring patients with  brain injury in neurocritical care settings and the development of next generation neurally controlled upper limb prosthesis. He has published 185 refereed journal papers and generated 6 patents. He is the Editor in Chief of IEEE Transactions on Neural and Rehabilitation Engineering.   He is the Director of a Neuroengineering Training program funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, a multi-disciplinary and collaborative training program for doctoral students.  Dr. Thakor is a recipient of a Research Career Development Award from the National Institutes of Health and a Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation, and is a Fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, IEEE and Founding Fellow of the Biomedical Engineering Society.  He is also a recipient of the Centennial Medal from the University of Wisconsin School of Engineering, Honorary Membership from Alpha Eta Mu Beta Biomedical Engineering student Honor Society.

 

 

Keynote talk 2

 

Time:

8:30 AM -9:30 AM, Nov. 27th, 2009.

 

Speaker:

 

 

Prof. Chris Toumazou

 

Director & Chief Scientist

Institute of Biomedical Engineering

Imperial College London

London, UK

Title: Towards Disposable Healthcare Devices; A Paradigm Shift.


Abstract:

We are entering new waves of technology inspired by life style, healthcare, and quality of life. Demands on healthcare throughout the world are changing. The global demographic trend towards ageing populations, coupled with less active lifestyles and fast-food diets, is leading to higher probability and earlier onset of chronic conditions such as Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This, in turn, is translating to a substantial increase in the proportion of resources required for long-term, continuous care and a growing burden on healthcare infrastructures.

 

This talk will review some of the author's work at attempts to provide sensor processing solutions. It will also include his work on a wireless body wave disposable 'digital' plaster, a novel 'low powerless' blood pressure monitor and a point-of-care genetic disposable chip, all created from technologies stemming from the semiconductor industry. Business models and more technologies will be discussed.

 

Speaker Bio:

Professor Christofer Toumazou FRS, FREng, FIEEE, FIET

 

Chris is currently the Director and Chief Scientist at The Institute of Biomedical Engineering Imperial College.  Chris Toumazou received his PhD from Oxford-Brookes University in collaboration with UMIST Manchester in 1986.

 

In 1986 he went to Imperial College and at the age of 33 became one of its youngest ever professors. His research interests include high frequency analogue integrated circuit design for RF electronics and low-power electronics for biomedical applications.  He has published over 400 research papers and holds 30 patents in the field many of which are now fully granted PCT. Chris has been involved with the IEEE circuits and systems society and served on its board of governors for 6 years and vice president for technical activities for 4 years. Chris founded the IEEE BIOCAS society in 2000.

 

Chris has been involved with a number of commercial ventures, including the invention and development of one of the world's first analogue and digital mobile phone for a cellular operator in Thailand, as well as one of the first totally implantable cochlear.  Chris is the founder and Chairman of three technology based companies with applications spanning ultra low-power mobile technology and wireless glucose monitors (Toumaz Technology Ltd, UK) Digital Audio Broadcasting (Future-Waves Pte Taiwan) and DNA Sequencing (DNA Electronics Ltd, UK).  Chris is an advisor to many healthcare panels, including the Singapore Government in the field of medical devices, the Board of Grace Semiconductor in Taiwan, one of the largest Semiconductor Foundries in the World.  He was also a member of the UK MoD Defence Strategic Advisory Committee on critical technologies. Chris raised £26 million in order to create an Institute of Biomedical Engineering at Imperial College London focusing on Personalised Medicine and Bionanotechnology. Chris is Editor-in-Chief of the IETs Electronics letters.

He has received many awards during his career including: The Royal Society Clifford Patterson prize Lecture, entitled "The Bionic Man", for which he received The Royal Society Clifford Patterson bronze medal in 2003. He is the recipient of the 2005 IEEE CAS Education Award for pioneering contributions circuits and systems for biomedical applications. He received the Royal Academy of Engineering Silver Medal in 2007 for pioneering contributions to British industry.  The IET Premium best paper award and the IEEE CAS outstanding young author award.  Elected in 2006 to Academia Europea. Chris is also the recipient of 2007 Royal Academy of Engineering Silver Medal.  In 2008 was appointed the Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Engineering and the Fellowship of the Royal Society, which is the highest honour in UK science.

Chris is Chair of the Royal Society Theo Murphy Blue Skies Committee 2008/9.  He is a Member of the Royal Society HOOKE Committee and a member of the Royal Society Fellow Election Committee.  Chris recently received the 2009 World Technology Award for Health & Medicine.

 

Keynote talk 3

 

Time:

8:30 AM -9:30 AM, Nov. 28th, 2009.

 

Speaker:

 

Prof. Masayoshi Esashi

 

World Premier International Research Center
Advanced Institute for Materials Research (WPI-AIMR)

Tohoku University

Sendai, Japan

Title: MEMS for biomedical and other applications

Abstract:

MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) have been fabricated using advanced micromachining based on an extended semiconductor microfabrication.  Micro sensors at the end of catheters for minimal invasive diagnosis and therapy have been developed. These are ISFET(Ion Sensitive Field Effect transistor), pressure sensors, ultrasound imagers, magnetic position sensors, receiving coils for MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), optical scanner and so on.  MEMS have been also developed for other applications. One example is a sophisticated MEMS device used as a high performance rotating gyroscope for navigation control systems. A 1.5 mm diameter silicon ring rotor is electrostatically levitated and rotated at 74,000rpm using high speed digital signal control. The other is a galvanic 2 axis optical scanner for 3D imaging which use a time of flight of light for the distance measurements.  Small size packaged MEMS devices such as integrated capacitive pressure sensor, diaphragm vacuum sensor and MEMS relay for LSI tester have been fabricated by wafer level packaging using a glass with electrical feedthrough.

Speaker Bio:

Masayoshi Esashi received the B.E. degree in electronic engineering in 1971 and the Doctor of Engineering degree in 1976 at Tohoku University. He served as a Research Associate from 1976 and an Associate Professor from 1981 at the Department of Electronic Engineering, Tohoku University. Since 1990 he has been a professor and he is now in The World Premier International Research Center Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University. He served as a general co-chairman of the MEMS'91 and also as a general chairman of the Transducers 99. His research interests are in micromachining and MEMS.

 

 

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