YinHe FeiTeng (银河飞騰, YHFT) series high-performance general-purpose CPUs, aimed for high-performance computing, are developed by school of computer, National University of Defense Technology. The first generation of the YHFT CPU adapts the EPIC (Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing) architecture. Its ISA (Instruction Set Architecture) is fully compatible with Intel Itanium2. The second generation is based on the SoC (System-on-Chip) architecture. It is composed of a general-purpose CPU and a stream processor, which is the world's first 64-bit stream processor dedicated for high-performance science computing. The processor has been successfully used in the YinHe (银河) high-performance supercomputer system as an accelerator. The research results are published at ISCA 2007 and IEEE TPDS. The third generation of the YHFT CPU is a multi-core processor. Its ISA is fully compatible with SPARC. It supports floating-point SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) and multi-chip interconnection to enhance parallel processing and constitute a SMP (Symmetric Multi-Processing) system directly. The first version of this multi-core processor has been used on the TH-1A (天河-1A) PFLOPS supercomputer systems, and the ongoing upgraded version will be taped out in the next year and used in the next generation of the TH supercomputer system.
Prof. Xing Zuocheng is a full professor and PhD advisor in National University of Defense Technology (国防科学技术大学). He is the Director of Parallel and Distributed Processing Architecture in the State Key Laboratory of Parallel and Distributed Processing, and the academic leader of High-Performance Computer Architecture, Microelectronics, and Solid-State Electronics.
Prof. Xing has led and engaged in over 20 China’s key research projects in computing systems, including Tianhe (天河) series supercomputers, Galaxy (银河) series supercomputers, and FT (飞腾) series high-performance general-purpose CPU. He headed the hardware system designs of Tianhe and Galaxy series supercomputers, and successfully developed a family of northbridge and system interconnect chips. Prof. Xing and his team developed FT-1000/1000A/1500 series multi-core processors, the world's first general-purpose 64-bit stream processor for scientific computing, and the world's first CPU compatible with Intel Itanium processor.
Prof. Xing is the project leader and deputy chief designer in many projects funded by the National High-Tech R&D Program of China (863计划). He is currently co-organizing the CPU developments under National S&T Major Project (国家科技重大专项) program. Prof. Xing is awarded the First Prize of National Science and Technology Advancement Award (国家科技进步一等奖) twice. He is on the editorial board of Journal of Computer Science & Technology and International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science. Prof. Xing published more than 80 papers in international and domestic journals and conferences including ISCA. He holds 16 patents on CPU architectures.